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 Can Women Recite Qur’an During their Menstruation? Two Opinions

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PostSubject: Can Women Recite Qur’an During their Menstruation? Two Opinions   Wed Oct 17, 2012 5:49 pm



Can we recite some Surah such as Fatiha, Ikhlas during our menstruation? Can dua ayahs be recited with the intention of making dua?

Answer:

It is not permissible for a woman to recite anything from the Qur’an during her menstruation
It is haram to recite Qur’an for a woman during her menstruation (hayd) and postnatal bleedings (nifas).
Rasulullah (saw) said:

“The menstruating and junub are not allowed to read anything of the Qur’an.” (Ibn Majah)
Also Ali (r.a) said:
"Nothing could keep prophet of Allah away from reciting Qur’an except being Junub." (Abu Dawud, Nasai, Ibn Majah)

According to these hadiths most of the Muslim Ulama said that a woman cannot recite even an ayah from the Qur’an with the intention of reciting Qur’an. At the same time they cannot write the ayah of the Qur’an. Torah, Injil (Bible) and Zabur are in the same condition as the Qur’an. (Abn-I Abidin, Hashiyah Raddu’l Mukhtar)

There are other alims declaring a different view on this issue:

Tahtawi said that on condition that the part they wish to recite from the Qur’an is less than an ayah then is permissible to recite for a woman during her menstruation and a person in Junub condition.

According to Maliki Madhab there is no forbiddance for woman who is menstruating and having postnatal bleeding reciting a limited part from the Qur’an. (Islamic Fiqh Encyclopedia)

It is a necessity to be completely purified from any dirt in order to hold the Qur’an and recite it and to perform prayer standing before Allah the Almighty. That’s why it is not permissible for a woman who is having postnatal bleeding and menstruating to perform prayers, fasting, reciting Qur’an and holding it. (Great Islamic Fiqh, Ömer Nasuhi Bilmen)

The provision is as the following according four madhabs:

According to Muslim Ulama and Hanafi, Shafi, Hanbali madhabs a woman having postnatal bleeding and menstruating cannot recite the Qur’an ayahs.

According to Imam Malik it is permissible to recite since a woman on menstruation is excused and in need of reciting. But once she stop bleeding then she cannot recite until she does ghusul. (Zuhayli, Al Fiqhul Islam)

It is not haram to recite dua ayahs with the intention of making dua. Ulama say that it is permissible to recite dua ayahs with the intention of making dua.
A woman during her menstruation cannot recite even an ayah from the Qur’an with the intention of reciting Qur’an. But reciting dua ayahs with the intention of making dua is an exception. (Great Islam Fiqh, Ömer Nasuhi Bilmen)

Fatiha can be recited with the intention of making dua. Also some other ayahs similar to duas can be recited with the intention of making dua. For example: رَبَّنَا آتِنَافِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِحَسَنَةً وَقِنَاعَذَابَ النَّارِ
And also a person can say "Alhamdulillah" upon hearing good news. And اِنُّاللُّهِ واِنُّااِلُيْه رَاجِعوُن can be said upon getting bad news. (Ibn Abidin, Hashiyatu Raddil Mukhtar)

***

Title: Fatawa: Essential Rulings for Every Muslim Woman (Fatawa al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah)

Compiled by: Muhammad bin Abdul-Aziz Al-Musnad

Published by: Darussalam

It is permissible for a menstruating Woman to Read the Qur’an and the Books of Supplications?

Fatwa by: Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Aziz ibn Baaz. (pg 50-51)


There is no problem in a menstruating or post-natal bleeding woman reading supplications written in books of hajj and also it is OK to read the Qur’an (without touching it) in the more correct of the scholar’s opinions. This is because no clear and authentic narration has been reported that prevents them from reading the Qur’an. What has been reported is with respect to the junub person that he or she is not permitted to read the Qur’an whilst the junub state. This is based on a hadith reported by ‘Ali r.a.

Regarding the menstruating and post-natal bleeding woman, a narration has been reported from Ibn ‘Umar r.a. that says:

“The menstruating and junub are not allowed to read anything of the Qur’an.”

However, this hadith is weak due to being narrated by a person by the name of Isma’il ibn ‘Ayyash who in turn reported it from the people of Hijaz. This person is weak when reporting from them, but she can read, say for example from her memory, without actually touching the Qur’an. However, the junub person is not allowed to read even from his memory or from the copy of the Qur’an (even without touching it) until a bath is taken.

The difference between the junub and the menstruating woman is that the junub person is in the state for only a short time and it is possible to take a bath as soon as jima’ is finished. So the period is not long and the matter is in the junub person’s hands when to have a bath. If it is not possible to use water for whatever (valid) reason, then tayammum can be performed and then they can pray and read the Qur’an.

As for the menstruating and the post-natal bleeding woman, then the situation is not in her hands but in the Hands of Allah, the Almighty. Both menses and post-natal bleeding require days, for which reason is permissible for them to read Qur’an so that they do not forget it and so that they are not deprived of the benefits associated with reading it, such as knowing the shari’ah rulings from the book of Allah.

On the basis of this, it is more so the case that she is allowed to read the books of supplications that contains verses, Hadiths and other things. This is the correct opinion and it is the more correct of the two saying scholars (may Allah have mercy upon them) in this issue.


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