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 Learn Sura 105: Al Feel (The Elephant)

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PostSubject: Learn Sura 105: Al Feel (The Elephant)   Sat Jul 23, 2011 11:30 am


Learn Sura 105

The Elephant

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful

[105:1]
Have you not considered the way in which your Lord dealt with the Men of the Elephant?

[105:2]
Did He not make their stratagem go astray,

[105:3]
and unleashed upon them swarms of birds,

[105:4]
pelting them with stones of baked clay,

[105:5]
thus making them like devoured blades?


Commentary:

Tafsir ibn Abbas


And from his narration on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas that he said about the interpretation of Allah's saying (Hast thou not seen): '(Hast thou not seen) i.e. have you not been informed, O Muhammad, in the Qur'an (how thy Lord dealt with) how your Lord punished and destroyed (the owners of the Elephant) the people of the Negus who intended to destroy the House of Allah?

(Did He not bring their stratagem) their scheming (to naught) to utter loss,

(And send against them) and set on them (swarms of flying creatures) in succession,

(Which pelted them with) which threw on them (stones of baked clay) like baked bricks.


This was revealed about the story of the owners of the elephant who intended to destroy the Ka'bah and how Allah, exalted is He, dealt with them by destroying

them and driving them away from the Holy Sanctuary.


Occasion of Revelation

Abraha, however, is chiefly famous for his military expedition toward the close of his career against the Quraysh of Mecca in an invasion of Hejaz in 570. Known as the Year of the Elephant, as recounted in the Islamic tradition, the tafsir (exegesis) of the surat al-Fil states that he perished.

The traditions also say that Abraha is said to have built a cathedral at San'a' known as "al-Qullays" (from the Greek Ekklesia)to rival the Kaaba at Mecca and specifically came with his forces of elephants to destroy the Kaaba.






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