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 Udhiya (Qurbani): One for Whole Family

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PostSubject: Udhiya (Qurbani): One for Whole Family   Mon Oct 31, 2011 7:12 pm


Question:

Assalamalaikum dear brothers,

I am an indian housewife.i was married 4 yrs ago.my family does not sacrifice a goat on my behalf at all.my dad used to sacrifice one for self and one for mom by ALLAH(SWT) NAME.i always thought that it is necessary to do so.do i need to make up for the 4 years gone by?i had also worked for an year and was earning but givin my money to my husband so do i pay zakah (and i do not know if he has saved it or not) and as i was earning does a goat need be sacrificed by me as an earning member.i have left my job now.please clear my doubts thanks a lot.


Answer:

Bismillahir-RaHmanir-RaHeem

One sheep is sufficient as udhiyah for one man and his family and whoever he wants among the Muslims, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered that a ram
with black legs, black belly and black (circles) round the eyes should be brought to him, so that he could sacrifice it. He said to ‘Aa’ishah: “Give me the knife,” and she did that. He took it, then he took the ram, placed it on the ground and then slaughtered it (i.e., prepared to slaughter it), saying: “In the name of Allaah, O Allaah, accept (this sacrifice) on behalf of Muhammad and the family of Muhammad and the ummah of Muhammad.” Then he sacrificed it. Narrated by Muslim.

It was narrated that Abu Ayyoob al-Ansaari (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “At the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), a man would sacrifice a sheep on behalf of himself and his household, and they would eat some and give some to others.” Narrated by Ibn Maajah and by al-Tirmidhi, who classed it as saheeh. Also classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 1216.

If a man sacrifices a single sheep or goat on behalf of himself and his family, that will suffice for everyone he intended of his family, whether living or deceased. If he did not intend anything specific then it includes all those who are included in this word (family or household) either customarily or linguistically. Customarily it refers to all those whom he supports of wives, children and relatives; linguistically it includes all those who are related to him of his own children and the descendents of his father, grandfather and great-grandfather.

One-seventh of a camel or cow is equivalent to one sheep; if a man sacrifices one-seventh of a camel or cow on behalf of himself and his family, that is sufficient, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said that one-seventh of a camel or cow takes the place of a sheep in the case of the hadiy (sacrifice offered during Hajj), so that applies also to the udhiyah because there is no difference between the udhiyah and the hadiy in this regard.

Message of Allah (pbuh) is reported to have said :

“Whoever can afford to offer a sacrifice but does not do so, let him not approach our place for prayer.[EIDGAH] (Reported by Ahmad and Ibn Maajah; classed as saheeh by al-Haakim from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him).

Offering udhiyah (sacrifice) during `Eid Al-Adha is regarded as wajib or mandatory according to Imam Abu Hanifah and as sunnah mu'akkadah or confirmed Sunnah according to other jurists.

All those people who have the nisab (payable amount) of zakah should offer a sacrifice. The time for offering a sacrifice begins after the `Eid Al-Adha prayer. According to a Hadith, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is reported to have said, “Whosoever offered a sacrifice before the `Eid prayer, he or she just slaughtered an animal for meat, but whosoever made sacrifice after the `Eid Al-Adha prayer, he or she has offered a sacrifice.” (Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Hadith no. 902)

One sheep or one goat is sufficient as Eid sacrifice for the man as well as his own family. It is also lawful for 7 people to slaughter one cow as Eid sacrifice. Jaber Ibn Abdullah said: " In the year of Hudaibiya, we along with Allah's Messenger, sacrificed a camel for seven persons and a cow for seven persons". Narrated by Muslim.

The participant among the seven involves his family with him because the seventh here is the same as a sheep or a goat.


May Allah guide us all to the straight path!

Wassalam and Allah Almighty knows best.

Reference:
IslamiCity
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